GROUNDNUT

Price: 29,000
Groundnut or Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is a major crop grown in the arid and semi-arid zone of Nigeria. It is either grown for its nut, oil or its vegetative residue (haulms). Recently, the use of groundnut meal is becoming more recognized not only as a dietary supplement for children on protein poor cereal-based diets but also an as effective treatment for children with protein-related malnutrition.

It is the 13th most important food crop of the world and the 4th most important source of edible oil. Its seeds contain high-quality edible oil (50%), easily digestible protein (25%) and carbohydrates (20%) (FAO, 1994).

The crop is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria; over 85% of the groundnuts produced in the country were accounted for by Kano, Kaduna, Taraba, Bauchi, Bornu, and Adamawa states (Abal and Harkness, 1978).

Groundnut is grown in well-drained sandy loam or sandy clay loam soil. Deep well-drained soil with high fertility. Optimum soil temperature for good germination is 30oC. it is usually grown in rotation with cereals as it helps in efficient nutrient utilization and reduces soil-borne diseases.

Land preparation should ensure that all crop residues and weeds are completely buried; plowing and harrowing are also carried out to make a seedbed of fine tilth for proper germination and growth of crops. It could be sown on a ridge or on flat. The recommended spacing for groundnut is 75 cm between the rows and 25 cm between the plants within the rows. Fertilizer can be applied at the rate of 54 kg/ha P2 O5 and 25 kg/ha K2O for good crop production and can be applied before or immediately after planting.

Planting should be done as soon as possible after the onset of the rains. Early planting is recommended to avoid rosette attack.

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